From Little Dean to Enoggera compiled by Joy Whaite
Chapter Pictures
Front bits one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteensixteenseventeen end bits




Fanny Rose and Jane Bailey

Dinah and Bill Buchanan taken at Christmas Creek

Peter Eaton and Jane

Taken at Toowoomba Old Men's Home Qld before 1987. From left: Joyce Dando, Jow Bailey, Ted Bailey


The only one of Mary James' children who died without issue was James George who was according to Mary's death certificate born in Pietermaritzburg in 1885. Perhaps he was given his mother's surname as a first name, whilst his second may have been after one of Walter's uncles. Very little is known about his childhood in South Africa, but it is likely he was given some chores to do, like his brothers were. Being twelve years old when the family came to Brisbane, he probably stayed with them until he came of age. At one time he had his own small engineering business and the only machinery was a small lathe which was kept under the house Albert had at Milton. Here he is said to have made small parts for bedsteads for a company owned by some relatives.

His brothers remember that he was always playing his mouth organ and said he fancied himself very much as a ladies man. The family say he was rather a secretive man and he left a special box of his things with Alf at Greenslopes for safekeeping - it greatly intrigued Alf's sons, but they did not ever find out what was inside.

He is said to have been very keen on Emily Blake, who married his brother John in 1907 and it was after this that he left Brisbane and went to Sydney and family stories say that he met and married the owner of a boutique there.

However the records so far located show that he was not married until 1945. His wife was Eleanor Cant, who lived in Rose Street in the Sydney suburb of Auburn, where they were married in the registrar's office. George James (as he called himself then) gave his occupation as Engineer and his address as Five Islands Road Port Kembla. This is a large industrial town south of Sydney and there are engineering firms of all sizes in the town, but enquiries to the largest of all - Broken Hill Proprietary Ltd show he was not employed by them. It seems that George James was not very sure about his personal details - when he was married he gave his age as 58 (he was 60), his father as William Walter and his mother's name as Mary Ellen(she was his sister), while he guessed her surname of Williams.

His wife Eleanor had been divorced from her first husband Arthur St. Leone, who she had married when she was l8 years old, and there were no children from either marriage. On the marriage certificate, Eleanor gave the curious occupation of "Medical Eclectic" i.e. one who practises all branches of medicine.

The next record found shows that George James was living at Lake Cargellico, a NSW town near Lachlan River, between Hillston and Condobolin. His death certificate states he died there in a house in Conapaira Street in November 1956 "of natural causes to wit Pulmonary Tuberculosis" and he was buried in that town's Church of England Cemetery. Perhaps he was found dead, as there is no medical report(possibly the town did not have a doctor) and in any event, the Coroner decided not to hold an inquest. All the personal details on his death certificate were filled in by a member of the local Police Station and in the main correctly, but this time his mother's surname was given as Brown.

In his will, dated 13 November 1956,the day before he died, George James left the house at Conapaira Street to his wife "residing with me"and as well his money, clothing, watch, engineering equipment and tools. His wife Eleanor was named as Sole Executrix and two witnesses were A A Dunn Police constable and L J Thompson. It was not until 1958 that her name is shown on the Electoral Roll, and she was still residing atConapaira Street. She lived for some seven years after George died and at the end of March 1963, according to her death certificate died at Canley Vale, a southern Sydney suburb and was cremated at Rookwood Crematorium.

If anyone has further information about James George during his time in NSW from 1908, until his death, I would appreciate hearing of it.



Lily's first child was born in Pietermaritzburg in November l890 when Lily was only a teenager and she was probably named Dinah after Walter's eldest sister, who lived in Cardiff Wales. My mother, Rose said she had a very dark complexion (possibly from her Portuguese father) and I think I only saw her once on an outing to Sandgate with some other relatives about 1928. Her second name Maria was pronounced the old fashioned way to rhyme with "briar", but she insisted she be called "Bessie" possibly from her mother's adopted name of Elizabeth. When the family wanted to tease her, they would call her "Bessie Buck" because of her prominent front teeth - this is a family trait that has been passed on to several of Walter's family, including two of my own children. On her South African birth certificate, her mother is called Daisy Elizabeth Bailey, but on Dinah's marriage record she is shown as Lily Lewis. During the voyage to Australia, she probably had to help Mary Ellen keep an eye on Baby Jane, though perhaps travelling steerage, as the family did, there was not much chance of the toddler getting out on to the decks of the ship.

Very little is known about her childhood, but as she was about 25 by the time the family went to live at Enoggera it is very likely that she did not live with them there. Early in 1918 Dinah married a widower who was 30 years older than she was, who came from Redbank Plains. The ceremony took place at Registry Office Red Hill and the bridegroom was William Buchanan "Bill", the witnesses being her father Walter and sister Jane. Her address was shown as Thomas Street Red Hill, so she was probably staying with John and Emily. Bill gave his address as Bride Street Wynnum South so perhaps they lived here for a while before going to the farm at Christmas Creek. This was once a small farming community l6 miles south of Beaudesert on the road to Lamington.

After Bill's death in late 1920s, Dinah went back to live at Wynnum South and sometimes she would take the train to Enoggera and stay there for a few weeks with the family.

Dinah and Bill had no children of their own, but after Fanny's children were born, she occasionally took care of them. Her niece Ruth Tipping does not think she knew very much about child care - she remembers that Dinah always made their baths far too hot.

Dinah was never very sure of her age and was actually 27 not 25 at the time of her marriage. When she wanted to go on the pension, she wrote to her brother Daniel, asking if she was mentioned on his birth certificate. Although no one realised at the time, she was shown there as "David Maurice age 6" and as Walter was the informant in writing, he must have unwittingly made the error, or else his handwriting was too hard to read.

About 1955, Dinah became ill with cancer and Fanny went to see her in hospital several times, taking Ruth with her. It is thought it was about 1958 when she died and on her death, left her wedding and engagement rings to her niece, Ruth.


After Walter and Lily became man and wife, following Mary James' death in April l894, Lily had another child Jane, born in Pietermaritzburg in May 1895, who may have been named after Walter's youngest sister, Mary Jane, who emigrated to New Zealand. Like Dinah, when Jane's birth was registered in South Africa, her mother was called Daisy Elizabeth Bailey, but when Jane married in Australia, many years later, her mother, as in all Australian records, was recorded as Lily Lewis.

As a baby, she was probably cared for by one of the Kaffir women and she celebrated her second birthday only a fortnight after the family arrived in Sydney.

As Jane grew older and Lily had ever more children, Jane took on the mothering role to those who stayed at home and Jane helped Lily in the house most of the time. She was a very keen flower gardener, and on our visits to Brisbane, we brought back parcels of plants and cuttings. According to Ted, she had some sort of nervous breakdown about l922 and was given a pension or sickness benefit. Each fortnight, she would go to the doctor and get another certificate and take the horse and sulky to Valley Post Office and get her fifteen shillings benefit. It seems to have been her money that bought the family things like shoes for the boys and when she bought Ted a pair of sandshoes, he had to try to make them last two or three years.

After Lily died in 1934 she took over the reins of the household and on Walter's death in 1936, Jane found that he had not paid the rates on the Enoggera property for many years, so she started to pay off the debt.

Late in l939 Jane married Peter Eaton at Joyful News Mission Hall at The Valley, and at that time they both gave their address as New Cleveland Road Tingalpa. Peter was an orphan who had lived in children's homes for most of his life, and after his marriage he got a job at the wool scour.

Jane tried to pay more off the rates, but they were so far in arrears that about 1940, the owners took over the land and they had to move. At first, Jane and Peter went to live at Eight Mile Plains and later moved to Dairy Swamp Road Belmont, and they stayed there for some years. During World War II, I was in AWAS and whilst staging at Brisbane on my way to New Guinea, I visited Jane and Peter on their lovely bush block. It was like a return to my childhood visit to Walter and Lily in Enoggera, even to the tin bowl on a bench outside the back door containing the washing up water to be used to wash ones hands, and later to water the garden.

About 1959, Jane became very ill with cancer and she and Peter went to stay with Ted and Beryl near Toowoomba, and she died in February l960.

Though she had no children, Jane was the keeper of the family history and passed on to Ted the stories about South Africa and the early days in Brisbane, that she had heard from her older siblings. After Jane's death, Peter stayed on with Ted and Peter for a while and was quite comfortably off, as he had the dole and a horse and sulky to get around with. However, he wanted to go back to Belmont and soon after was persuaded to swap the land there for a caravan and went to live at Coolum on the Sunshine Coast. Ted's daughters went to see him there later on and found him living in very poor conditions, but he would not leave and is thought to have died there about 1963.


Joseph possibly named after one of Walter's cousins in England spent most of his life working outdoors firstly in the family vege garden and later in the nearby Chinese market garden, when the family lived at Enoggera. For the princely sum of four shillings per week, he would carry two kerosene tins on a yoke and water all the plants or carry out piles of manure or help by picking half bushel baskets of cucumbers etc when needed.

He too had the family problem with two rows of teeth and when I saw him about 1928 he still had most of his first teeth, and the second lot had grown out above the first in a another row.

He never married and made some sort of a living doing odd jobs as a gardener etc - he had the habit of talking to himself all the time as he worked. He owned a wheel barrow which had an original patent Bailey wheel which he passed on to Ted's son Walter and it is now a treasured possession.

At various times he used to stay with Ted and Beryl or Jane and Peter Eaton and when he could no longer get work, Ted found him a place at Mt. Lofty Mens Home at nearby Toowoomba While he lived he was very proud of the mug with Bailey generic coat of arms on it Ted and Beryl had given him. He was 81 years old when he died at Toowoomba in July 1987.


Lily had twelve children that we know of and like many women of her time, several did not survive much past infancy.

Two years after Daniel's birth in November 1899 Lily had another son they called Benjamin - a new name in the Bailey family. Poor Benjamin was not even a year old, when in October 1900 he succumbed to teething convulsions, which he had experienced over a period of six weeks and he was buried at Lutwyche Cemetery.

Whilst the works were still at Sandgate Road, Lily gave birth at Nundah in December 1902 to Samuel, probably named after Walter's uncle who had emigrated to New Zealand. According to family sources he became ill after eating flakes of paint and in those days it contained red lead. He is recorded on the birth certificate of his sister Violet in November 1908 but there is no mention of him at all when Fanny was born on September 1910. It seems he probably died between those dates but no official record exists and it has been suggested that he may have been buried in the family's garden - a practice that is said to have been quite common in early 1900s.

After Samuel there are no further births recorded for Walter and Lily until Joseph's in April 1906 so perhaps it was during this time that Lily had the still-born twins said to have been buried under an orange tree in the garden of their house in Montpelier Road Bowen Hills.

At the next family home off Gympie Road Kedron, Lily had a girl they called Violet Lilian born in November 1908. Perhaps Walter had heard of two of his cousin's children in New Zealand who had been given that name, but Walter's Violet lived only a year and 8 days. She contracted whooping cough, which probably led to pneumonia which was recorded as the cause of her death at Brisbane Children's Hospital in November 1909. She too was buried at Lutwyche Cemetery and her death was certified by members of Joyful News Mission, where Jane had been married.

It was just over four years later in the Kedron house (by now recorded as being in King Street) that Reuben Sam was born in February 1913. For some reason he was not living with the family at Enoggera (at least not in Ted's memory) but with Mary Ellen who already had children of her own. He was another child who is said to have eaten flakes of leaden paint and about 1920, Jane took four years old Ted over to see him for the first and last time. Soon after that he was admitted to Brisbane Childrens Hospital and spent 7 weeks there before he died in March 1921 from a heart problem and other complications. At his burial in Lutwyche cemetery, Walter's friend, Ernest E. Hillman, the Baptist minister from Enoggera officiated at the graveside.

All places in the genealogy below are, unless otherwise noted, in Queensland.

17/[4.2.1] Family of Walter BAILEY and Mary (James)

First Generation

[6.3] James George b 8 Nov 1885 PMB d 14 Nov 1956 Lake Cargellico NSW will 464896 m (as George James) 1 May 1945 Auburn NSW Eleanor Violet Mary (Cant) (formerly St. Leone) Occ Medical Eclectic b 1889 Cert 22244 Quirindi NSW d 22 March 1963 Canley Vale NSW NO ISSUE

17/[5.1] Family of Lily (Lewis)

[6.6] Dinah Maria Bailey b 24 Nov 1890 PMB d ?1959 Bris m 4 Jan 1918 Red Hill William Andrew BUCHANAN b c l862 Redbank Plains d c l928 Bris NO ISSUE

17/6/[4.2.2] Family of Walter BAILEY and Lily (Lewis)[5.1]

First Generation

[6.7] Jane Bailey b 18 May 1895 PMB Sth d Feb 1960 Bris m 28 Oct 1939 The Valley Peter EATON b c 1903 Winton d ? c 1963 ? Coolum NO ISSUE

[8.2] Benjamin d 2l Oct 1900 Albion

[8.3] Samuel d ? Bowen Hills between 1908 and 1910

[8.4] Joseph d 22 Jul 1987 Toowoomba

[8.5] Violet Lilian d 28 Nov 1909 Bris

[8.7] Reuben Sam d 15 Mar 1921 Brisbane


17/[6.3] Eleanor Violet Mary (Cant)

Father Thomas Walton CANT deceased pre 1945 Occ Billard Room Keeper (1945) Miner (1963) Mother Rebecca Jane (McIntosh) deceased pre 1945

Siblings all born Bingara NSW: Samuel J b 1891.7043, Olive A M b 1893.7058, Percy L b 1895.1787, Leslie J b 1897.10534

17/[6.6] William Andrew BUCHANAN

Father James BUCHANAN Occ Cooper Mother Catherine (Adams)

17/[6.7] Peter EATON

Father Samuel Eaton Occ Labourer Mother Jane Florence Temperance (Milne)